Axiom 2014 Annual Report - page 53

Notes to the Financial Statements
for the year ended 30 September 2014
51
2014 Annual Report
2. Significant accounting policies (continued)
Assets that are held by the Group under leases that
transfer to the Group substantially all the risks and
rewards of ownership are classified as being held under
finance leases. Leases which do not transfer substantially
all the risks and rewards of ownership to the Group
are classified as operating leases, with the following
exception: land held for own use under an operating
lease, the fair value of which cannot be measured
separately from the fair value of a building situated
thereon at the inception of the lease, is accounted for
as being held under a finance lease, unless the building
is also clearly held under an operating lease. For these
purposes, the inception of the lease is the time that the
lease was first entered into by the Group, or taken over
from the previous lessee.
Where the Group acquires the use of assets under
finance leases, the amounts representing the fair value
of the leased asset, or, if lower, the present value of the
minimum lease payments, of such assets is included
in fixed assets and the corresponding liabilities, net
of finance charges, are recorded as obligations under
finance leases. Depreciation is provided at rates that
write-off the cost or valuation of the assets over the term
of the relevant lease or, where it is likely the Group will
obtain ownership of the asset, the life of the asset, as
set out in Note 2(f). Finance charges implicit in the lease
payments are charged to profit or loss over the period of
the leases so as to produce an approximately constant
periodic rate of charge on the remaining balance of
the obligations for each accounting period. Contingent
rentals are charged to profit or loss in the accounting
period in which they are incurred.
Where the Group has the use of assets held under
operating leases, payments made under the leases are
charged to profit or loss in equal instalments over the
accounting periods covered by the lease term, except
where an alternative basis is more representative of the
pattern of benefits to be derived from the leased asset.
Lease incentives received are recognised in profit or loss
as an integral part of the aggregate net lease payments
made. Contingent rentals are charged to profit or loss in
the accounting period in which they are incurred.
i. Impairment of assets
i. Impairment of investments in equity securities and other
receivables
Investments in other current and non-current receivables
that are stated at cost or amortised cost are reviewed
at each balance sheet date to determine whether there
is objective evidence of impairment. Objective evidence
of impairment includes observable data that comes to
the attention of the Group regarding one or more of the
following loss events:
––
significant financial difficulty of the debtor;
––
a breach of contract, such as a default or
delinquency in interest or principal payments;
––
it becoming probable that the debtor will enter
bankruptcy or other financial reorganisation;
––
significant changes in the technological, market,
economic or legal environment that have an adverse
effect on the debtor;
––
a significant or prolonged decline in the fair value of
an investment in an equity instrument below its cost.
If any such evidence exists, any impairment loss is
determined and recognised as follows:
––
for unquoted equity securities carried at cost, the
impairment loss is measured as the difference between
the carrying amount of the financial asset and the
estimated future cash flows, discounted at the current
market rate of return for a similar financial asset where
the effect of discounting is material. Impairment losses
for equity securities carried at cost are not reversed.
––
for trade and other current receivables, the
impairment loss is measured as the difference
between the asset’s carrying amount and the present
value of estimated future cash flows, discounted at the
financial asset’s original effective interest rate (i.e. the
effective interest rate computed at initial recognition
of these assets), where the effect of discounting is
material. This assessment is made collectively where
financial assets carried at amortised cost share similar
risk characteristics, such as similar past due status,
and have not been individually assessed as impaired.
Future cash flows for financial assets that are assessed
for impairment collectively are based on historical loss
experience for assets with credit risk characteristics
similar to the collective group.
If in a subsequent period the amount of an impairment
loss decreases and the decrease can be linked
objectively to an event occurring after the impairment
loss was recognised, the impairment loss is reversed
through profit or loss. A reversal of an impairment
loss shall not result in the asset’s carrying amount
exceeding that which would have been determined had
no impairment loss been recognised in prior years.
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